What Are The Functions Of NDLEA? (18 NDLEA Functions You Need To Know)

What are the functions of NDLEA
What are the functions of NDLEA

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Introduction

What are the functions of NDLEA in Nigeria?

Many countries in the world are grappling with problems of drug abuse and drug trafficking. Different countries have different ways of managing this crisis.

In Nigeria, the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency has been set up in order to take charge of drug issues.

In this blog post, we are going to be looking at the functions, seven same functions of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

What is NDLEA?

The full meaning of NDLEA is National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

This is an agency that has been established by the Nigerian government since 1989.

There is an Act that gives the legal backing to it. The first Act was promulgated in 1989, known as Act number 48.

It has subsequently undergone some amendments in 1999, 1992, 1995, and finally in 1999.

The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) is an agency to deal with issues surrounding drug abuse, drug trafficking and other drug related offences in Nigeria.

So they perform their functions within the scope of this mandate.

The agency currently has as its Chairman, Mohammed Buba Marwa, a Retired Brigadier General.

NDLEA Chairman

We will now look at 18 functions this agency in Nigeria.

What Are The Functions of NDLEA in Nigeria?

1) The enforcement and the due administration of the provisions of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency Act

2) The coordination of all drug laws and enforcement functions conferred on any person or authority, including Ministers in the Government of the Federation, by any such law

3) Adoption of measures to identify, trace, freeze, confiscate or seize proceeds derivedfrom drug-related offences or property whose value corresponds to such proceeds

4) Adoption of measures to eradicate illicit cultivation of narcotic plants and to
eliminate illicit demand for narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances with a view
to reducing human suffering and eliminating financial incentives for illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

5) Taking such measures which might require the taking of reasonable precautions to prevent the use of ordinary means of transport for illicit traffic in narcotic drugs
including making special arrangements with transport owners.

6) Adoption of measures which shall include coordinated preventive and repressive
action.

7) Introduction and maintenance of investigative and control techniques.

8) Adoption of measures to increase the effectiveness of eradication efforts.

9) The facilitation of rapid exchange of scientific and technical information and the conduct of research geared towards eradication of illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

10) Taking measures for the early destruction or disposal of the narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances which have been seized, confiscated or forfeited
Facilitation or encouragement of the presence or availability of persons, including persons in custody who consent to assist in investigations or participate in proceedings relating to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

11) Enhancing the effectiveness of law enforcement to suppress illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

12) Establishing, maintaining and securing communication to facilitate the rapid
exchange of information concerning offices and improving international co-operation in the suppression of illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substance by road, sea and air.

13) Reinforcing and supplementing the measures provided in the convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances and the United Nations Convention Against illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and its grave consequences.

14) Taking such measures that may ensure the elimination and prevention of the root
causes of the problems of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

15) Strengthening and enhancing effective legal means for international co-operation in criminal matters for suppressing the international activities of illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

16) Collaborating with government bodies both within and outside Nigeria carrying on functions wholly or in part analogous to those of the Agency concerning amongst others:

i. The identities, whereabouts and activities of persons suspected being
involved in offences mentioned in this Act;

ii. The movement of proceeds or property derived from the commission of
such offences

iii. The movement of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances specified in
the second schedule to this Act, and instrumentalities used or intended for
use in the commission of such offences

iv. the exchange of personnel and other experts

v. The establishment and maintenance of a system for monitoring international
dealings in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in order to identify
suspicious transactions and persons engaged in them.

17) Taking charge, supervising, controlling, coordinating all the responsibilities,
functions and activities relating to arrest, investigation and prosecution of all offences
connected with or relating to illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

18) Strengthening cooperation with the Office of the Attorney General of the Federation, the police force, customs agencies, immigrations agencies, welfare officials, health officials, and other law enforcement agencies in the eradication of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

So we are going to summarize the functions of NDLEA as follows:

1) They enforce the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) Act.


2) They identify, trace, arrest, as well as prosecute people that are involved in illicit drug activities, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.


3) They make sure that people that are convicted of drug related offenses lose whatever properties or money they have made from drug-related offences in Nigeria


4) They destroy illicit drugs.


5) They collaborate with international agencies that are also involved in fight against drug trafficking and drug related offenses.


6) They also collaborate with other government agencies within and outside Nigeria to make sure that people with drug offenses are actually caught.

Some of these agencies include National Agency For Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) and the Nigerian Customs.

NDLEA also work at the airports, the borders where people come in and leave the country because these are potential places where people can carry illicit drugs into Nigeria.

What Has Been The Impact of the NDLEA War On Drugs?

The impact of illicit drugs is quite alarming, even on a global scale.

However, NDLEA has recorded some successes in the fight against drug trafficking.

Some achievements include:

1) The agency has attended to over 12,000 people with drug issues.

2) Establishment of a toll-free number for people with drug abuse and other related issues to call for counseling and therapy.

3) Several arrests, seizing of drugs and prosecution of drug traffickers.

Is NDLEA Involved In Rehabilitation?

When it comes to drug trafficking and drug abuse, punishment or improvement alone may not completely bring the situation under control. There are some who are involved in this out of compulsion.

Some of them no longer wish to continue with this act. Some of them have also seen the bad effects of drug trafficking and they now want to quit.

This is where rehabilitation programs come in, in order to help these ones quit a lifestyle of drugs, be useful to themselves, their families and societies.

They can also be trained to do meaningful manual and skilled work.

NDLEA has up to 26 treatment centres across Nigeria. These centres offer counseling, treatment and rehabilitation services to those with drug issues.

In June 2022, the agency introduced a Call Centre where people with drug issues can call in and get attended to by health, psychology and psychiatry experts, among others.

The agency also said it plans to set up 6 standard rehabilitation centres across Nigeria. This will mean one center per geopolitical zone of the country.

What Are The Challenges Of Ndlea In Executing Its Functions?

Top on the list is security of its operatives. The Director-General has said personnel of the agency are being targeted by people who have been affected by their anti-drug drive and prosecution.

To Wrap Things Up

we’ve seen the functions the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency takes on in Nigeria. So these functions are actually quite enormous and it’s something that they should our hands need to be on deck in order to help the agency to rid of drug and every illegal thing within the country. Thank you.

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